These patterns were salesman samples struck in Europe and used to solicit coinage contracts in the various South African regions.
The dies were prepared by Wolfgang Lauer, with Otto Nolte of Berlin acting as agents.
Many designs are found across more than one series. For example, the Queen Victoria obverse is identical to the one used for the Griquatown patterns of 1890, and the "1 PENNY" obverse is used as a reverse in the Z.A.R. and O.F.S. series. There are nine variants of 1P in the C.G.H. series, with three obverses and two reverses utilised, and a combination of bronze, nickel-plated copper, aluminium, tin and silver compositions.
Zuid Afrikaansche Republiek(ZAR), South Africa
1P, Penny, One Penny, 1 Penny
Copper Nickle, Nickel Plated
Portrait of Queen Victoria
"VICTORIA D : G BRITANNIAR : REG : F : D :". Obverse 2 is used in the copper-nickle variant, which has the colons about midway between the preceding and following letter.
Reverse features a plain shield with a lion rampant between three annulets, above it three roundels, each charged with a fleur de lis. Above the shield is the female figure of Hope, seated, with a lamb and an anchor at her feet. Two antelope either side support the shield.
The "long horn" variant has the horns of the right hand antelope protruding deep into the inscription and the head of the figure of Hope halfway between the letters "G" and "O".
All bronze variants featuring the Victoria obverses have the short horn reverse.
CAPE OF GOOD HOPE
The ribbon below the shield and antelopes reads "SPES BONA"