Keeping up with the Terms, Abbreviations and Jargon
can be sometimes frightening - We made is easier to understand
We hope that the following Coin Collecting Glossary on the most frequently used terms, acronyms, and definitions will be beneficial to you.
Cloth sacks that are used to store or transport money in.
A generic term applied to a mark on coins that occur during transport and caused by other coins.
Coins that are stored in bags sometimes react to the sulfur content, paint, or other chemicals from the bag, especially when they are stored for long periods.
Coins are wrapped by banks in rolls of paper or plastic.
A common name for the Charles Barber designed Liberty Head coins(dimes, quarters, and half dollars) struck between 1892 and 1916.
The condition of a coin that is identifiable only as to date mint mark(if present), and type; one-year-type coins may often not have a date visible.
The value base from which Dr William H. Sheldon's 70-point grade/price system.
A metal not classified as a precious metal (i.e. copper, zinc).
Baseball Cap Coin
Jargon for a Pan-Pac commemorative gold dollar coin. The figure wears a cap similar to a baseball cap.
This process improves the surface using polishing a die to impart a mirrored surface or to remove clash marks or other injuries during the die.
Small, round devices around the edge of coins.
A coin comprised of two different metals, bonded together
Seller submits a bid on a particular product. The highest bidder at the close of the bid is the winner – Sites offering these services are eBay or BidorBuy.
Refers to the person(participant) who bids or the electronic trading systems that are interacting during an auction.
The number or a unique number assigned by auction website/houses to its participants.
An alloy of gold or silver with a predominant base metal.
The flat metal disc of metal, before it is struck by the “coining machine” or dies. The surface is clean, flat and has no impression on. Also referred to as “flan” or Planchet.
A term applied to an element of a coin (design, date, lettering, etc.) that is worn into another element or the surrounding field.
The term used to refer to the lustrous appearance of a coin immediately after striking - caused by the clash of the metal die and planchet.
The United States Wholesale(blue in colour) pricing book is issued yearly and in demand by collectors and sellers of coins.
Jargon for the Certified Coin Dealer Newsletter.
Abbreviation for Branch Mint”. Refers to US Mint other than Philadelphia.
Jargon for a coin returned from a grading service in a plastic sleeve within a flip. These coins were not graded or encapsulated, due to various reasons, such as questionable authenticity, cleaning, polishing, damage, repair, etc.
Just another word for “Coin show”
The physical area where a coin show is taking place.
Jargon's name for a young inexperience coin dealer that quickly makes a success in dealing with numismatics.
Style of hair on half cents and large cents from 1840.
One of the various subsidiary government facilities that struck, or still strikes, coins.
The term referring to the removal of a coin from its certified slab for re-submitting to the same or different certification service for a hoped-for-upgrade.
The central feathers are seen on many of the eagle designs.
A coin with full lustre, unhindered by toning, or impeded only by extremely light toning.
A generic term to any coin that has not been in circulation.
Refers to a Mint error. Most brokerages are partial; full brokerages are rare and the most desirable collector coins.
An alloy of copper, tin, and zinc. Copper is the principal metal.
the term applied to a copper coin that has lost the red/yellow colour of copper.
Wrapped coins (usually in the paper) in specific quantities for each coin type or denomination. These rolls make handling, managing and transporting coins easier.
A die that produces coins that are slightly “bent”, possibly from excess clashing. This normally affects only on side of the coin.
Jargon for the Indian Head nickel(1913-1938). The buffalo depicted on the coin is an American Bison.
A die that has been used so many times that small indentations are formed in it. This causes small uneven areas when the coins are struck.
Only the precious metals (gold, silver, platinum, palladium and in some cases Copper) are included as bullion.
A legal tender coin that trades at a slight premium to its raw value. This coin can easily be transferred to cash.
Given a glossy surface by a buffing wheel. Proof dies were usually burnished before striking. A coin burnished after striking would be considered impaired or it means abrasively cleaned after it leaves the mint.
A process by which the surface of a coin is made to shine through means of rubbing or polishing it.
Lines resulting from burnishing.
Jargon for a coin that has been over-dipped to the point where the surfaces are dull and lacklustre.
Coins that received only one strike from a die and intended for commercial use or general circulation (commerce).
The head, neck and partial shoulders of a portrait.
Refers to Silver dollars struck from 1795-1803.
If we missed a word or phrase, please let us know. We would like to grow and expand this list with your help.