Keeping up with the Terms, Abbreviations and Jargon can be sometimes frightening.

We hope that the following Coin Collecting Glossary on the most frequently used terms, acronyms, and definitions will be beneficial to you.

Coin Term Glossary

A

B

C

D

E

F

G

H

I

J

K

L

M

N

O

P

Q

R

S

T

U

V

W

X

Y

Z

B

Bag

Cloth sacks that are used to store or transport money in.

Bag Mark

A generic term applied to a mark on coins that occur during transport and caused by other coins.

Bag Toning

Coins that are stored in bags sometimes react to the sulfur content, paint, or other chemicals from the bag, especially when they are stored for long periods.

Bank-wrapped rolls

Coins are wrapped by banks in rolls of paper or plastic.

Barber Coinage

A common name for the Charles Barber designed Liberty Head coins(dimes, quarters, and half dollars) struck between 1892 and 1916.

Basal State

The condition of a coin that is identifiable only as to date mint mark(if present), and type; one-year-type coins may often not have a date visible.

Basal Value

The value base from which Dr William H. Sheldon's 70-point grade/price system.

Base Metal

A metal not classified as a precious metal (i.e. copper, zinc).

Baseball Cap Coin

Jargon for a Pan-Pac commemorative gold dollar coin. The figure wears a cap similar to a baseball cap.

Basining

This process improves the surface using polishing a die to impart a mirrored surface or to remove clash marks or other injuries during the die.

Beaded Border

Small, round devices around the edge of coins.

BI-metallic

A coin comprised of two different metals, bonded together

Bid

 

Seller submits a bid on a particular product. The highest bidder at the close of the bid is the winner – Sites offering these services are eBay or BidorBuy.

Bidder

 

Refers to the person(participant) who bids or the electronic trading systems that are interacting during an auction.

Bidder Number

The number or a unique number assigned by auction website/houses to its participants.

Billion

An alloy of gold or silver with a predominant base metal.

Blank

The flat metal disc of metal, before it is struck by the “coining machine” or dies. The surface is clean, flat and has no impression on. Also referred to as “flan” or Planchet.

Blended

A term applied to an element of a coin (design, date, lettering, etc.) that is worn into another element or the surrounding field.

Bloom

The term used to refer to the lustrous appearance of a coin immediately after striking - caused by the clash of the metal die and planchet.

Bluebook

The United States Wholesale(blue in colour) pricing book is issued yearly and in demand by collectors and sellers of coins.

Bluesheet

Jargon for the Certified Coin Dealer Newsletter.

BM

Abbreviation for Branch Mint”. Refers to US Mint other than Philadelphia.

BN

Brown

Bodybag

 

Jargon for a coin returned from a grading service in a plastic sleeve within a flip. These coins were not graded or encapsulated, due to various reasons, such as questionable authenticity, cleaning, polishing, damage, repair, etc.

Bourse

Just another word for “Coin show”

Bourse floor

The physical area where a coin show is taking place.

Boy wonder

 

Jargon's name for a young inexperience coin dealer that quickly makes a success in dealing with numismatics.

Braided Hair

Style of hair on half cents and large cents from 1840.

Branch mint

One of the various subsidiary government facilities that struck, or still strikes, coins.

Breakout

The term referring to the removal of a coin from its certified slab for re-submitting to the same or different certification service for a hoped-for-upgrade.

Breast feathers

The central feathers are seen on many of the eagle designs.

Brilliant

A coin with full lustre, unhindered by toning, or impeded only by extremely light toning.

Brilliant Uncirculated

A generic term to any coin that has not been in circulation.

Brokerage

Refers to a Mint error. Most brokerages are partial; full brokerages are rare and the most desirable collector coins.

Bronze

An alloy of copper, tin, and zinc. Copper is the principal metal.

Brown

the term applied to a copper coin that has lost the red/yellow colour of copper.

BU

Brilliant Uncirculated

BU Rolls

 

Wrapped coins (usually in the paper) in specific quantities for each coin type or denomination. These rolls make handling, managing and transporting coins easier.

Buckled Die

A die that produces coins that are slightly “bent”, possibly from excess clashing. This normally affects only on side of the coin.

Buffalo Nickel

Jargon for the Indian Head nickel(1913-1938). The buffalo depicted on the coin is an American Bison.

Bulged die

A die that has been used so many times that small indentations are formed in it. This causes small uneven areas when the coins are struck.

Bullion

Only the precious metals (gold, silver, platinum, palladium and in some cases Copper) are included as bullion.

Bullion Coin

A legal tender coin that trades at a slight premium to its raw value. This coin can easily be transferred to cash.

Burnished

Given a glossy surface by a buffing wheel. Proof dies were usually burnished before striking. A coin burnished after striking would be considered impaired or it means abrasively cleaned after it leaves the mint.

Burnishing

A process by which the surface of a coin is made to shine through means of rubbing or polishing it.

Burnishing Lines

Lines resulting from burnishing.

Burnt

Jargon for a coin that has been over-dipped to the point where the surfaces are dull and lacklustre.

Business strike

Coins that received only one strike from a die and intended for commercial use or general circulation (commerce).

Bust

The head, neck and partial shoulders of a portrait.

Bust dollar

Refers to Silver dollars struck from 1795-1803.

If we missed a word or phrase, please let us know. We would like to grow and expand this list with your help.

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