Coin Term Glossary

A

B

C

D

E

F

G

H

I

J

K

L

M

N

O

P

Q

R

S

T

U

V

W

X

Y

Z

Keeping up with the terms and jargon can be sometimes frightening. We hope that the following Coin Collecting Glossary on the most frequently used terms, acronyms and definitions will be beneficial to you. If we missed a word or phrase, please contact us and let us know. We would like to grow and expand this list with your help.

E

EAC

Early American Coppers

Ear

An area of certain coins that is significant to the strike.

Early Strike

 

One of the first coins struck from a pair of dies. Such coins are generally fully struck, with no die flaws, and they are usually Prooflike and/or exhibit cameo contrast.

ED

Environmental Damage

Edge

The third side of a coin. It may be plain, reeded, or ornamented – with lettering or other elements raised or incuse.

Edge Device

A group of letters or emblems on the edge of a coin.

EF-40

"Extremely Fine' (the grade) and "40" (the numerical designation of the grade). Also called XF-40. About 90% of the original detail is still evident and the devices are sharp and clear.

EF-45

"Extremely Fine" (the grade) and "45" (the numerical designation of the grade). Also called XF-45. About 95% of the original detail is still evident and the devices are sharp and clear.

Electrotype

The coin is created by the electrolytic method, in which metal is deposited into a mold made from the original. The obverse and reverse metal shells are then filled with metal and fused together – after which the edges sometimes are filed to obscure the seam.

Elements

For numismatic condition purposes, the various components of grading. In other numismatic contexts, this term refers to the various devices and emblems seen on coins.

 Emblem

Symbol or mark used as an identifying mark.

Emission Sequence

The order in which die states are struck. Also, the die use sequence for a particular issue.

Encapsulation

Refers to the grading service's practice of placing a certified coin in a sealed plastic holder. Once encapsulated, the coin is protected and bears the certified grade, guarantees, etc. before being returned to the submitter.

Engraver

The person responsible for the design and/or punches used for a particular numismatic item.

Envelope Toning

A term applied to toning that results from storage mainly in 2 x 2 manila envelopes; most paper envelopes contain reactive chemicals.

Environmental Damage

Corrosion-effect seen on a coin that has been exposed to the elements. This may be minor, such as toning that is nearly black, to major - a coin found in the ground or water which has severely pitted surfaces. PCGS does not grade coins with environmental damage.

Eroded die

Synonym for “worn die

Error

A numismatic item that by coincidence varies from the standard. Ordinarily, overdates are not errors since they were done intentionally while other die-cutting “mistakes” are considered errors. Double dies, planchet clips, off-metal strikings are also referred to as errors.

Essai

Term for trial, pattern, and experimental strikings. The anglicized version is essay and literally means a test or trial.

Exergue

This refers to the lower part of the design, below the main design and generally separated from the field by a line.

Expert

A specialist in a particular numismatic area. (i.e. A copper expert, a gold expert, a paper money expert, a D-Mint expert, etc.)

Extra Fine

Alternate form of Extremely Fine

Extremely Fine

The grades EF40 and 45. This grade has nearly full detail with only the high points worn, the fields rubbed often with luster still clinging in protected areas.

Eye Appeal

The element of a coin's grade that "grabs" the viewer. The complete appearance of a coin.

 

 

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